Context, Practices, and Reflections of the Digital Development of “Higher Education 4.0” in Germany
The emergence of Industry 4.0 has changed the environment and ecology of the workplace dramatically. A massive demand for talents in the workplace was created, and the connotations and modes of education in general were changed. Germany, the birthplace of Industry 4.0, was committed to keeping its industry in sync with digital development. Therefore, the German federal government implemented a series of policies which were aimed at comprehensively promoting the pace and scope of digital development in higher education. Ever since, the German higher education policy framework has been actively focusing on teaching, research, and administration with policies that accelerates digital transformation and upgrade towards Higher Education 4.0. This opened a new era for university development aimed at cultivating digital talents, which are urgently needed for the future workplace. This study assessed recent policy developments related to the transformation into a Higher Education 4.0 system in Germany. First, Germany’s digital development policies were briefly introduced to provide an overview of the overall policy framework. Second, from a document analysis approach, the measures were critically analyzed and discussed to provide a deeper understanding of their rationale and scope. Finally, this study elaborated on the experiences in Germany and proposed recommendations on how policies in Taiwan could be adjusted accordingly.
|關鍵詞||工業4.0、高等教育4.0、數位化發展、德國高等教育、Industry 4.0、Higher Education 4.0、digital development、German higher education|