Research on Disparity of the Elderly Learners’ Network Learning Ability ——With additional discussion on countermeasure suggestions from the perspective of “learning right “
As the rapid diffusion of the Internet， “digital divide” caused by lacking access to modern information and high technology of the elderly became an issue. This research conducted questionnaire and semi-structured interview to clarify the network learning ability of the elderly learners in Shanghai third age university and community colleges. The results show that: the network learning ability of the elderly is not high， however， there is a significant difference among gender， age and education level. Women elderly people have a relatively higher network learning ability than men on average; older elderly people have lower network learning ability than younger elderly people; and those who have a final degree of university or above have higher network learning ability on “communication and application” than those who have lower education level on average. Based on the results， this research suggests four operability measures regarding rights-based principle， chance-equality principle， selectable principle and compensate for the minority principle of “the right to learn”. The four measures are: providing learning platforms and training chances on network learning for the elderly; ensuring learning chance and process for the elderly; developing multi-routes of network learning for the elderly; cultivating the conscious of “the right to learn” and technology of the elderly. Through implementing these measures， it is expected to improve the network learning ability of the elderly learners in Shanghai third age university and community college.
|關鍵詞||老年学员、网络学习能力、学习权、差异、对策建议、Elder Learners、Network Learning Ability、Learning Right、Differences、Countermeasure Suggestions、CSSCI|