Efficiency Analysis of Public and Private Universities in Taiwan Using Data Envelopment Analysis
Due to the low birthrate and the overexpansion of higher education institutions, many universities in Taiwan are facing severe challenges. Therefore, the evaluation and improvement of operational efficiency has become an important issue. This paper aims to utilize the data envelopment analysis method to evaluate the operational efficiency of domestic universities (excluding universities of science and technology). The research period covers 2013-2016 academic years. The research samples are 58 universities whose financial information was fully disclosed during the period and was not merged with other universities. Based on the results of the analysis, suggestions for improvement were made to the sample universities. The main contribution of the research is that it adopts two types of input and output variables, including unadjusted quantity variables and adjusted value variables, to enhance the accuracy of measuring variables and evaluating efficiency. The major findings are as follows: 1. The overall efficiency of private universities is better than that of public universities. If measured by adjusted variables, the difference in efficiency between the two is reduced. 2. The overall technical efficiency of medical-engineering universities is higher than that of non-medical-engineering universities. However, there is no difference in pure technical efficiency. Therefore, the efficiency difference comes from the larger scale of medical engineering universities and the better scale efficiency. 3. On the whole, 70% of universities that have not reached scale efficiency are in a state of increasing returns to scale. Therefore, most universities should expand the scale to improve the scale efficiency and thus the overall technical efficiency. Given insufficient student resources, cross-school mergers are one of the feasible ways to increase the scale.
|關鍵詞||效率分析、高等教育、資料包絡分析法、efficiency evaluations、higher education、data envelopment analysis|