Primary Exploration into the Salary of Teachers of Public Elementary Schools in the United States (1867-1920)
This paper discusses the salary of teachers of public elementary schools in the United States in terms of whether there is any salary difference between male and female teachers, and whether salary influences the motivation to be a teacher and the professional quality of teachers. This study presents the following findings: (1) Female teachers have lower salaries than their male counterparts, even though they are the backbone of the teaching force in public elementary schools. (2) The average salaries of both male and female teachers of public elementary schools are less than technicians, civil servants, and general workers. (3) Under price inflation, low salaries cause high turnover rates among teachers. (4) As public school systems expand, more and more female teachers are in public elementary schools, which is a clear trend. (5) Despite the low salaries, teachers develop professionally due to the effort of teacher education institutions and their own self-reliance.
|關鍵詞||男女性別差異、美國公立小學教師、教師專業發展、薪資、gender difference、teachers of elementary schools in the United States、professional development of teachers、salaries|