The Role of Part-Time Work in the Modern Day College Life: A Study Based on First-Year Undergraduate Students
Having a part-time job has become a norm for college students, which can start early in freshman years. Each year, about 30% of the first-year college students take on a part-time job. Whether a student works while studying and how long the job takes are factors that can affect his/her academic performance, along with long-concerned issues such as gender and socioeconomic status. To address these questions, we conducted a study based on freshman students enrolled in 2017 at a science and technology university in northern Taiwan. Using an institutional research (IR) approach, we performed descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis (chi-square tests, t-test, ANOVA, multiple regression and logistic regression) to evaluate the influence of the aforementioned factors on academic attainment of these students. The results showed that having a part-time job and different working hours lead to a difference in the overall academic performance among students with different genders, different levels of economic vulnerability or family background. Specifically for English classes, students without a part-time job performed significantly better than those working part-time, non- economically disadvantaged students performed significantly better than those at an economic disadvantage, and female students performed significantly better than male students.
|關鍵詞||大一新生、工讀經驗、校務研究、高等教育、學業成就、freshman students、part-time working experiences、institutional research、higher education、academic performance|