A Study on Performance of Members of Active Aging Learning Centers in Taiwan with Multilevel Modeling
The Education Policy for the Elderly White Paper that was published by the Minister of Education in Taiwan clearly states that when holding educational activities for the elderly, the execution and performance of the activities should be evaluated. However, studies on evaluations and overall performance of active aging learning centers in Taiwan were found to be insufficient. Hence, this study modified the three main indicators of the CVIPP model, including visions and values, internal process and results, to determine the main factors that would impact the performances of active aging learning centers in Taiwan. Also, using the CVIPP model, the roles of factors such as visions and values, management and planning, participating of courses and promotions of activities, etc., and their impact on performance of learning centers were explored. Concrete suggestions were provided based on the findings. This study modified the three main indicators of the questionnaire applied by “The CVIPP Indicators on Adult Education Organizations in Taiwan,” including visions and values, internal process and results. The questionnaire was modified according to the development and operational process of active aging learning centers. Practitioners and members in the centers were asked to fill in the questionnaires, and the data gathered were analyzed with multilevel modeling (MLM) data analysis techniques. A total of 1455 questionnaires for the centers were distributed and 892 of them were completed (return rate of 61.31%). A total of 5948 questionnaires for the members were distributed and 4057 of them were completed (return rate of 68.21%). There were 221 effective AALCs in total. Based on the findings of this study, it was discovered that during the execution and promotion of the courses among active aging learning centers in Taiwan, there were impacts on the performance of the centers. The execution and performance of the centers would be improved if their visions and values were increased. If the abilities of management and planning were improved, the impact on the promotion of courses would increase, but the impact on the execution of the courses would decrease. Therefore, this study suggests that management teams of the active aging learning centers in Taiwan should possess positive visions and core values. Their internal rules of management and course planning should have more flexibility, and the centers should improve the quality of their courses and activities immediately. Also, centers with poor performances should value promotions of their activities much more. Among the literatures reagrding active aging learning centers in Taiwan, findings in this study were considered both rare and innovative since this study not only analyzed the factors of the centers including their visions and values, management and planning, participating of courses and promotions of activities, but also examined the performance of the centers from the perspective of the participating members. Additionally, the findings and suggestions of the study were accurate and valuable since it applied the MLM data analysis techniques to reduce bias of inference. Thus, this study was not only innovative but also able to provide effective results for the current situation in Taiwan.
|關鍵詞||多層次模式、樂齡學習中心、績效表現、CVIPP、multilevel modeling、active aging learning center、performance、CVIPP|