The Institution of Obtaining Teacher Qualification since 1949 in Taiwan: Perspective from Historical Institutionalism
This paper aims to analyze the development of the institutions for obtaining teacher qualification in Taiwan since 1949 and to contribute to the improvement of teacher qualification with qualifications obtained by means of document and literature analysis. In order to fulfill such aims, this paper first based on the concept of punctuated equilibrium in institutional change theory to explore the development of institutions in terms of obtaining teacher qualification. This included the exploring of the registration and verification model, which was later directed into a single market competition model. Secondly, this paper analyzed the sources of which teacher qualification institution changes were made. Finally, this paper suggests institutional changes to our teacher qualification, where teacher supply and demand was the primary influencing factor, but the influencing factor in twotrack models were mostly political and social factors. Influencing factors in single models were mostly self-reinforcing factors. This paper anticipates that future directions in the single model would include self-reinforcing improvements among institutions for teacher qualification and promoting higher teacher quality.
|關鍵詞||制度、取得教師資格、師資培育、教師證書、斷續式均衡、institution、obtaining teacher qualification、teacher education、teacher certificate、punctuated equilibrium|