Learners’ Emotional Characteristics in SPOC Forums and Their Association with Learning Effect
The SPOC forum data， as an important learning feedback carrier， is typically accompanied by learners’ emotional information that is complicated and diverse. Related research has shown that the online academic emotion of learners has a certain effect on their learning processes and achievements. In order to get an in-depth insight into the relationship between emotion and learning effect， the confusion is incorporated into the online academic emotions category. Aiming at three-term course forums in Cloud Classroom platform of Central China Normal University， this study investigated the learners’ emotional characteristics and the evolutionary trends of emotions over time by using emotion lexicon-based feature matching and emotion density calculation approaches， as well as verified the emotional differences among different-achieving groups and the correlation between different emotions and learning effect. The results indicate that learners tend to use positive emotional words to express their feelings and opinions and the positive emotion density is significantly higher than the confusion and negative emotion density. In addition， there are significant differences in the confused and negative emotions between the high- and low-achieving groups as well as the middleand low-achieving groups， respectively. In some certain learning stage， learners’ positive and confused emotions are positively correlated with learning effect. During the overall semester， learners’ negative emotion is negatively correlated with learning effect. The dynamic tracking of academic emotions within SPOC forums can help teachers timely obtain learners’ mental states and learning demands， thus achieve precise teaching interventions.
|關鍵詞||SPOC、情绪密度、学习效果、差异性分析、相关性分析、Emotional Density、Learning Effect、Differences Analysis、Correlation Analysis、CSSCI|