The Life Wisdom of Stillness and Non-Action: Discussing Laozi’s Philosophy for Individual Spiritual Education
“Spiritual cultivation” is a vital part of life education. Laozi’s wisdom on stillness and non-action can offer inspiration for thinking about spiritual education. It transcends the limitations under which humans labor as they see themselves, and guides an individual to reach the paramount value of life. By means of unpacking Laozi’s thoughts, this study attempts to considers the approach to connectingan individual’s life with life conceptualized in a much broader sense that is infinitely cosmic in nature. The purpose of this article is threefold. First, the significance of stillness and non-action in the Dao De Jing are interpreted. Second, the relationships between stillness and non-action and individual spiritual development are discussed. Third, educational practices germane to stillness and non-action for enhancing spirituality are explored. Actually, Laozi’s notions of stillness and non-action are two sides to the same coin. The former presents to the status of cosmic substance, while the latter shows its actuality. According to the wisdom on stillness and non-action, the direction of individual spiritual development could be as follows. First, is integration into Dao with a mindset of equality; and second, is coming back to the oneness in which humans and the whole of creation are accommodated. In the end, this article points to two practical ideas for spiritual education; namely, returning to each constituent moment of the “now”, and simultaneously maintainingan attitude of surrender. By the power of “now”, stillness is able to break through the inherent limitations of the human intellect. Surrender, for its part, has the same function as non-action. The concept of surrenderrefers to an attitude of following the flow of life and accepting the suchness of all things. This approach can transcend human self-consciousness to span cosmic consciousness. To conclude, when it comes to individual spiritual education, stillness and non-action remind us that human attention has the potential to move from the outer world to the inner self. The deeper the level of stillness humans can delve into, the wider the scope of connection with the cosmos they can reach. It is conducted from the level of finite action with human purposes to the higher level of infinite non-action with cosmic consciousness.
|生命教育、老子、寂靜、無為、靈性教育、life education、Laozi、stillness、non-action、spiritual education