A Study on the Development of Elementary School Teacher Professional Growth Scale
It is the key element to improve the quality of education as well as the foundation of educational success by improving teachers’ teaching profession. However, the current scales used for professional growth are mostly focused on teachers’ personal perception of their professional growth level, rather than the profession degree after participating in the professional development activities or studies. Therefore, the scale may be limited and unsuitable for use in that case. Thence, the purpose of this research is to develop a set of Professional Growth Scales which is suitable for measuring the degree of teachers’ professional growth after participating in professional development activities based on practice orientation. Via the steps of exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and measurement invariance, this research has developed a scale for teachers’ authentic participation in professional learning communities. There are three dimensions considered and discussed in the literature review to be the connotation of this scale. They are professional knowledge and ability which focus on teaching tasks, professional ethics and attitude including teachers’ teaching philosophy and reflection, and professional practice with emphasizing on practical teaching skills to assist students’ learning needs. After revision by 14 scholars and experts with 314 samples for pre-test analysis of the scale and exploration of factor structure, four dimensions were constructed. They are professional ethics, professional practice, professional knowledge and professional reflection. Then, 656 formal samples were employed to test the scales’ confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, discriminant validity and the identity of seniority measurement. The research results show that the second-order with four-factor model which constructed by this scale made a positive model fit, and it is applicable to analysis the different seniority groups. Overall, this research scale makes valuable reference for practical application.
|關鍵詞||因素分析、專業成長、測量恆等性、factor analysis、professional growth、measurement invariance|
|數位適地性媒體導入偏鄉地方創生與大學社會責任之教學實踐 – 以金峰Let’s Go App 為例|