Concepts and Examples about Oral Assessment of Learning Outcomes
Student learning outcomes assessment can make good use of oral assessment. Because oral assessment has the strengths of being able to evaluate the whole concept and learning problems of students immediately as well as enhance the verbal and organizational skills of students and improve the learning methods and attitudes, it is better than written tests in the evaluation of cognitive and affective outcomes and more suitable for a higher level outcomes assessment. However, it also has weaknesses such as difficulties in establishing the appropriate assessment criteria, judging the real outcomes instead of the language skills, biases of subjective scoring and consumption of time and manpower. To improve the validity of oral assessment should follow these principles: use direct and simple questions which are related to the teaching goals not too broad or vague, leave ample time for students to answer, maintain amiable attitude, be careful in the timing of use it, establish fair and objective criteria and procedure which are understood by the students in advance, be made by more than two highly trained staff. The study then provides some examples of individual, team and group oral assessment and group discussion.