Study of Menstrual Knowledge, Attitudes, Distress and Health Care Behaviors among Female Relatives of Female Elementary Students
The purpose of this study was to investigate menstrual knowledge, attitude towards menstruation, menstrual distress and menstrual health care behaviors among female relatives of female elementary students. A stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted. A total of 298 female relatives of female elementary students from 12 elementary schools in Taiwan's Hualien County participated in this study. The questionnaires consisted of five sections: 1. personal information; 2. menstrual health care behavior; 3. menstrual knowledge; 4. menstrual attitude and 5. menstrual distress. The statistical methods included descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise regression analysis.
Study results showed that among the participants, the ages ranged from 19 to 77 years and 39.3% were indigenous. Education level of the participants was 61.8% for high school and above. Female relatives (89.3%) will first tell the child about menstrual management at menarche. Participants (89.9%) preferred that menstrual information for child came from the child's mother. Female relatives (29.8%) changed menstrual sanitary products every four hours or above when flow was light. Total correct response rate on the menstrual knowledge assessment was 67.53%; mean score on the menstrual attitude questionnaire was 2.16±0.40; mean score on the menstrual distress questionnaire was 1.22±0.75. Mothers, non indigenous females and females with high school and higher education, scored higher on menstrual knowledge and menstrual attitude questionnaire. There was a significant negative correlation between menstrual attitudes and menstrual distress.
Based on study results it is recommended that elementary schools and sexual-health care providers offer greater assistance to female relatives of female elementary students to improve their menstrual knowledge, establish positive menstrual attitudes, and deal with menstrual distress, thereby encouraging them in helping their children go through menarche.
|關鍵詞||女性親屬、月經知識、月經態度、經期不適、female relatives、menstrual knowledge、menstrual attitudes、menstrual distress|