Exploring Body Image and Related Factors in Pregnant Women
本研究目的在探討懷孕婦女身體意象之現況及相關因子，採橫斷式相關性研究。收案地點在北部某一醫學中心婦產科門診，運用結構式問卷方式收集資料，共取得有效問卷 215份。結果顯示：一、懷孕次數、身體質量指數（ body mass index, BMI）及孕期實際增加的體重，與孕婦整體身體意象成負相關；二、重要他人看法與孕婦之外表評價、身體各部分的滿意度成正相關；三、孕婦身體意象的重要預測變項依序為重要他人看法、懷孕次數、身體質量指數及孕期實際增加的體重，共可解釋 12.1%之變異量。本研究結果以量化角度探討懷孕婦女的身體意象，期望能夠提供專業人員在提升孕婦健康諮詢及健康照護品質之參考依據。
This cross-sectional correlated study was designed to investigate the pregnant women's body image and its related factors. Two hundred fifteen pregnant female outpatients, recruited at the gynecology and obstetrics department of a medical center in northern Taiwan, were required to answer a structured self-report questionnaire. The major .ndings were as follows: 1. Pregnant women's overall body image were negatively correlated to the number of gravida, body mass index (BMI), and actual weight gain during pregnancy. 2. Pregnant women's appearance evaluation and overall body satisfaction were positively correlated to the significant other's viewpoints. 3. The significant other's viewpoints, number of gravida, body mass index (BMI), and actual weight gain during pregnancy were able to explain 12.1% of variance in pregnant women's body image.These findings provide a data base of pregnant women's body image in Taiwan for the health care professionals to understand and to educate their clients and their partners about their attitudes toward body during pregnancy.
|關鍵詞||身體意象、懷孕、懷孕婦女、body image、pregnancy、pregnant women|