A Review of the Studies of the Neglected Children and Women in the History of Chinese Education
Enlightened by the viewpoint of history from below, the neglected children and women in the history of Chinese education were inquired in the recent decade. The main purpose of this paper is to review and analyze the problems and restrictions of those studies. Qualification and volumes of sources, the historical interpretation and the representation of objectives were the main obstacles. Many researchers intended to make the neglected people at grass-root level visible and capable of voicing their opinions and thus shows their subjectivity by reviewing and analyzing the history of children and women. However, the result was that although the images of those neglected children or women in history had been shown and seen, the voices of those neglected were still not heard. It was either that children were expressed indirectly by adults or that women were expressed indirectly by male or that the disadvantaged women were expressed by the advantaged women. The ideal that “let people speak out directly” is still a dream impossible to come true. However, given the improvement of historical sources, research methods, technique and equipment, the ideal becomes possible and oral history becomes one of the important methods.
|關鍵詞||儿童教育史、妇女教育史、基层史、口述历史、中国教育史、history of children education、history of women education、history from below、oral history、history of Chinese education|