A Comparative Study on the Higher Education Quality Assurance System between Taiwan and Australia
This study mainly aims, via adopting B. Holmes’s “question centered research method”, document analysis, and literature review, to compare the higher education quality assurance system between Taiwan and Australia. This study analysis the historical development, changes, current provision, and trends of future reforms of higher education and higher education quality assurance systems in Taiwan and Australia, countinued to compare the current in Taiwan and Australia. Finally come to a conclusion and suggestions, based on the research findings, useful for the future reform of related policies in Taiwan. The conclusions of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. The development of higher education has been mainly initiated and planned by the government in Taiwan, but the development of higher education in Australia has been a result of the interaction between the market and the state power. 2. The quality of higher education in Taiwan had been assured by the university evaluation, initiated and conducted periodically by the government, while Australia’ government had mainly set the minimum quality threshold, and levied the responsibility of quality assurance upon the higher education providers themselves. 3. There had been various rules concerning higher education evaluation in Taiwan, while there had been a single specific law or act in Australia. 4. Higher education evaluation had been conducted by the professional evaluation agencies commissioned or assigned by the government in Taiwan, but higher education evaluation in Australia had been carried out by the official quality assurance agency, while acting as a regulator and performer simultaneously. 5. The focus of higher education evaluation had been upon the students’ learning outcomes, management effectiveness, and uniqueness of institutions in Taiwan, while higher education evaluation in Australia had been conducted in accordance with the TEQSA standard, which emphasized the actual operation and cycle improvement of the providers. The recommendations of this study are as follows: 1. The government’s role in higher education quality assurance systems should shift from a norm-setter to a policy facilitator and quality manager. 2. It is necessary to establishing a single specific law or act to standardize the system of evaluation. 3. Comprehensive and visionary systematic planning should be carried out for the future higher education evaluation system.
|關鍵詞||大學評鑑、品質保證、高等教育、國家資歷架構、臺灣、澳洲、university evaluation、quality assurance、higher education、national qualification framework、Taiwan、Australian|