A Study on Elder Educational Policies among Taiwan, Japan and Korea
Taiwan would head into an aged society in 2018 and by 2025 enter into a super-aged society. How to Taiwan deals effectively with population aging, and make active efforts to pursue country to develop, is the direction of the joint efforts of people. In addition to passive medical care, elder education is the most important way to enhance older adults’ health and independence and effectively reduce health care costs. Because the speed of population aging process in Taiwan would be unprecedented, our government doesn’t have enough time to explore and format elder educational policy slowly as western countries, which is suitable for Taiwan’s situation. Therefore, it’s more timely and effective method to take reference of the elder education policies of other representative Asian countries like Japan and Korea. The purposes of the study reported here are to explore elder educational environment, units in charged with elder education, laws and regulations, policies development and strategic planning of Taiwan, Japan and Korea through in-depth interview, comparative method and expertise conference method. The conclusions include: 1. Different countries have different ageing schedules, but all recognize that education is an important strategy to cope with population ageing; 2. All countries integrate elder education into lifelong education system to create a better learning environment; 3. The central department of education and the network of local authorities are in charge of senior education in principle, but the actually covers health and social welfare administrations; 4. The policies of elder education in all countries are developing in the direction of lifelong education to integrate the formal and informal education systems; 5. Inadequate funding for elder education and weak support from civil organizations restrict the development of elder education; 6. Legal norms which are located in different ranks have different implementation forces; 7. Intergenerational learning becomes a main direction for elder educational development; 8. The future development direction is to shape a positive educational environment free of age discrimination, cultivate the return of senior manpower, and bring the generations together. According to the research result, the suggestions will be proposed for improving policies making and programs planning.
|關鍵詞||高齡者、高齡教育、教育政策、elderly、elder education、educational policy|