A Study of the Election System for Superintendents in Korea
Korean superintendents are equivalent to directors of education in Taiwan’s local governments. They are in charge of local education affairs independent of general administration. Since 2007 superintendents have been directly elected by local residents for the purpose of decentralization, which would strengthen the autonomy and professionalism of local education. The purposes of this study are to examine the evolution and the status quo of the electoral system for electing superintendents in Korea and the advantages and disadvantages of the system. The method of expert interview was used and six experts were interviewed: 1. Professor 박수정 of the Department of Education, College of Education, Chungnam National University; Director 나민주, Deputy Director이길재, and Researcher박선주, all affiliated with the Graduate Institute of Local Education, Chungbuk National University; Professor 김용 of the Department of Education, Korea National University of Education; Superintendent김병우교육 of Korean Chungcheongbuk. Findings of this study are summarized as follows. 1. The electoral system for electing superintendents in Korea has evolved from positions appointed by the President of the central government to decentralization where local governance was in place and finally to direct elections voted by local residents. 2. The current electoral system for electing superintendents in Korea has the combined features of local governance and direct elections voted by local residents. 3. The existing electoral system for electing superintendents in Korea has the features of reflecting the representativeness of local residents and their right to participate in local education, as well as avoiding interest entanglement among education board members who vote in indirect elections for superintendents. 4. Defects of the existing electoral system for electing superintendents in Korea include the facts that ways of election keep changing, resulting in opportunist practice, that all citizens need to be roped into the election, wasting both energy and money, that the election turns political, depriving the election of educational professionalism, and that conflicts exist between general administration and educational administration. Based on the findings, three suggestions are offered to relevant authorities in Taiwan for future reference.
|關鍵詞||專家訪談法、教育監、選任、韓國、expert interview、superintendent、electoral system、Korea|