A Study on Older Adults’ Service Learning under Disadvantages of Educational Budget Distribution
Under very limited resources distributed to older adult education, the process how older adults’ service learning exercised the positive influence on society was worthy of exploration. The aims of this study were to understand older adults’ service learning process. The researchers adopted the qualitative approach, and collected data from focus group interviews. The participants were recruited from the Active Aging Learning Centers (AALCs) in Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan and Pingtung cities. Six different service learning groups that had been active in the past year were selected. The interviewees consisted of 50 older adults, with 7-10 persons in each of the six groups. The results showed that older adults’ service learning was found to consist of three stages, namely preparation before service learning, difficulties encountered and coping strategies used, as well as the self-growth after service learning, and the participants’ reflections occurred in the process. The findings were as follows: 1. Under the limited educational resources, the service learning groups adopted learning results as the base of service provided. 2. Difficulties encountered by the participants included loss of memory, anxiety about hurting the persons they served, lack of confidence, as well as the different opinions among group members. 3. Although older learners faced the limitation of educational resources, teachers’ guidance and encouragement, as well as group members’ support, could induce older adults to overcome the difficulties they encountered in the service learning. 4. Older adults were able to create a win-win situation for individuals, family, and society by overcoming disadvantages of educational resources. The results of this study can provide suggestions for older adults, older adult educational institutions, service learning program planners, and future research.
|關鍵詞||服務學習、高齡教育、樂齡學習中心、service learning、older adult education、active aging learning centers|