The Ideological Types and Opening Regulations of International Schools of Six Asian Countries
The number of international schools has been dramatically increasing since the 1990s because many local governments have lifted their bans on local students’ enrollment in international schools. The market of international schools has also become one of the Free Trade Agreement negotiation issues in recent years. How local government can regulate the establishment of international schools and the recruitment of local students without detriment to national education system is clearly an urgent task to host countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the trends and attributes of six Asian countries in this respect in order to give a self-reflection for Taiwan’s status. For this purpose, the researcher constructed a regulation analytical frame, and applied it to analyze the ideological types and opening regulation models of six Asian countries. The analysis had two main findings: First, open the international school market is the trend of the six Asian countries, and the way they classify and regulate their in-shore international schools could be induced into several models. Second, the supporting measures that the six counties took to protect their school education system show how they adjusted themselves and contended against globalization. Based on the findings, five suggestions had been provided for the government of Taiwan: First, redefine the “inshore international schools” to include expatriate schools, international schools (narrow definition), and international schools in local school system. Second, regulate the expatriate schools in light of the international law. Third, make a new regulation for international schools (narrow definition) in light of the GATS education service regulations. Fourth, allow the local schools to provide international programs in their schools. Fifth, protect local education system through supporting measures.
|關鍵詞||外僑學校、國際教育、國際學校、expatriate school、international education、international school|