War and Love: a Metaphor Analysis of the Actors in the Plays “Qiu Hai Tang”, “Return on a Snowy Night”, and “Yun Cai Xia”
In the end of 1942, two plays about Peking opera actors, “Yun Cai Xia” and “Qiu Hai Tang”, staged in the theaters in Shanghai. In the same year, Wu Zu-Guang composed the play “Return on a Snowy Night”, starring Peking opera actors., and performed in the beginning of the next year. Although these three plays have a similar topic, their origins are totally different. “Yun Cai Xia” was adapted from a French play, “Qiu Hai Tang” was adapted from a same name novel, and “Return on a Snowy Night” was an original story. The origins the these three plays demonstrated the three different and main way to compose a play script at the time. The originals of “Yun Cai Xia” and “Qiu Hai Tang” limited the story line of the adaptations. The distinction between the occupied Shanghai and the temporary capital Chongqing also influenced the style of play. This cause the dissimilarity of the three variated, although having the similar topic. The purpose of this article was to investigate why during the War of Resistance, why playwrights from different places in China chose Peking opera actors as the topic of their plays. Another aim was to find out how the love story in these plays reflected the society during the war. Finally, we analyzed the contemporary audiences’ opinions of the new style of plays combining Peking opera and western plays.