A Study on the Image of “Boya Plays the Guqin” on the Deities and Animals Bronze Mirrors’ Ornamentation during the Han Dynasty
The guqin is the most important musical instrument appearing on the ornamentation of Chinese bronze mirrors. After the Han dynasty, many Deity and Animal bronze mirror ornamentations featured the legendary “Boya plays the Guqin” . Boya always sits with the King and Father of the East, the Queen Mother of the West, and the Yellow Emperor, who are all famous gods and saints. It is worth discussing why the guqin was such a dominant musical instrument during the Han dynasty. Why was Boya esteemed to the point of being deified Did guqin music have the social function of entertaining the gods? At the same time, the author also aims to determine the transformation of the guqin’s shape during the Han dynasty by tracing the design of Deity and Animal bronze mirror ornamentation. In addition, the author compares the similarities and differences between other guqins which were excavated from unearthed tombs dating from the period from the Warring States to the Han dynasty. Finally, through the above discussion, the author will provide a detailed illustration of the evolution of the guqin’s shape during the Han dynasty, and indicate the guqin’s cultural significance during the same period.
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