The Development of the “Children’s Traditional Moral Characters Picture Test” and Its Applications
Chinese traditional moral characters influenced our daily life. The eight traditional characters include loyalty, filial piety, benevolence, affectionate, honesty, righteousness, peace and equality. They are a set of disciplines which instruct how we shall behave and point out the values and norms of morality. Moral education is highlighted by the Taiwanese government and implemented by schools. The traditional characters did not disappear. They are transformed to become practical and linked to our daily life. Moral education is also emphasized in preschools. The purpose of this study is to adopt situational judgement test approach to design a “children’s traditional characters picture test” (GVPT) with semi-structured interviews to collect young children’s moral reasoning. Also, to explore five to eight year-old children’s perceptions of the traditional characters. The researchers adopted Kendall’s coefficient of concordance to evaluate GVPT, and the results showed that the items achieved significance. Ninety participants from nursery schools and fi rst-and second-year in primary schools were selected to complete the test. GVPT test was shown individually to the participants with a Power Point fi le on a tablet. The participants expressed what the characters in the pictures shall do. All responses were tape recorded and translated. The traditional character “affectionate” achieved significant differences between nursery school children and the Second-year primary school children. Traditional characters maintain important effects on young children. The development of “affectionate” was the slowest among the eight traditional characters.
|關鍵詞||兒童、道德理解、道德發展、圖畫測驗、children、moral reasoning、moral development、picture test|