Optimize Design Research on Promoting Developments of STEM Education Based on TPACK
The Eighteenth and Nineteenth National Congresses of the Communist Party of China acted on “Innovation driven strategy” as the first national strategy. Therefore， innovation is the primary driving force for development. STEM education is recently a new research and practice paradigm for the international， interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary of innovative talents in science and technology. STEM education has received extensive attention and active practice of educational institution at various levels. Domestic research on the design of STEM courses is still in its infancy with some problems， for example， lack of unified curriculum standards for STEM， over-emphasis on technical effects and shortage of STEM teachers. Therefore， this study illustrates how to optimize STEM education and practice activities， and constructs a STEM education optimization design model from the perspective of TPACK. This model aims to promote professional developments of STEM education， including “establishing an open， shared， interdisciplinary， high-quality STEM curriculum system and resources， promoting the participation of teachers and students in STEM practice based on design learning to， improving STEM pedagogy continuously based on real problem and project exploration， optimizing the STEM design approaches based on TPACK elements”.
|關鍵詞||STEM、TPACK、教学设计、优化设计、Instructional Design、Optimal Design、CSSCI|