From Instrumental Thinking to Artificial Intelligence Thinking： The Crisis of Education Technology and Its Transformation
Current application of education technology indicates that the actual effectiveness of education information technology is not as high as expected， and the development of education technology is facing a crisis. Education technology environment design based on the instrumental thinking is hard to reflect the requirements of the education process and shows the characteristics of function space of modularization. As a result，educational technology can only be used as external learning environments rather than embedded learning context. The development of artificial intelligence opens a new perspective for education technology development. We need to shift from instrumental thinking to artificial intelligence thinking. Education technology of the future should pay attention to the education process itself， jully absorb the scientific study of the existing research results， construct the systematic， high correlation， deep learning and technology realization of a learning system， to improve the current situation of teaching and learning.
|關鍵詞||工具性思维、学习环境、人工智能思维、学习系统、instrumental thinkings learning environment、artificial intelligence thinkings learning system、CSSCI|