Work-family Conflict and Sleep Quality in Kindergarten Teacher: Mediation and Moderation Analyses
Research has revealed that work-family conflict was a risk factor for poor sleep quality， however， little is known about the underlying mechanisms that may mediate or moderate this association. Specifically， the present study examined whether work-family conflict would be indirectly related to kindergarten teachers’ sleep quality through the experience of occupational stress， and whether this indirect association would be moderated by the kindergarten teachers’ rumination. This integrated model can address questions about both mediation and moderation in one model. Its results would be helpful to answer the issues such as “what works for whom”， and provide valuable information for early identification and prevention that cannot be obtained by separately testing the two questions. Methods: A sample of 537 Kindergarten teacher (Mean ages=26.37) was recruited to complete measures of work-family conflict， occupational stress， rumination and sleep quality. Results: The study showed that occupational stress partially mediated the relationship between work-family conflict and sleep quality. Besides， both the effect of work-family conflict on sleep quality and the mediating effect of occupational stress were moderated by rumination. The present study can advance our understanding of how work-family conflict leads to poor sleep quality. Testing mediator and moderator variables in a single model could generate more comprehensive information than assessing two separate models. These findings contribute to our understanding of how and when work-family conflict impacts kindergarten teachers’ sleep quality. Limitations and implications of this study are discussed.
|關鍵詞||职业压力、反刍思维、睡眠质量、幼儿教师、work-family conflict、occupational stress、rumination、sleep quality、kindergarten teacher|