Why Migrant Children’s School Enrolment Criteria Became Stricter after 2014: A Multiple Streams Analysis
Since 2014， the local governments in Beijing and Shanghai set stricter state school enrolment criteria for migrant children. Adopting semi-structured interview and policy text analysis and applying the multiple streams framework (Kingdon， 1984)， this paper explores the dynamics of this policy change: the problem stream refers to the ‘declining education quality’ discourse hold by the state school teachers; the policy stream contains different forms of schooling for migrant children; and the politics stream refers to the central government’s migrant population strategy. The ‘window of opportunity’ opened when the central government adjusted its strategy in 2013. As a result， the state school leaders (as policy entrepreneur) got their claim of restricting migrant children raised into the local government policy agenda. Under the new agenda， what is meant by compulsory education has been redefined as a certain type of social welfare， which is open exclusively to the ‘city contributors’， producing a stricter criteria system.
|關鍵詞||多源流模型、教育政策变迁、农民工随迁子女、两为主政策、multiple streams framework、educational policy change、migrant children、‘two main channels’policy|
|我国STEM 教育十年发展规律探析（2009-2018 年）|