Developing a Student-Learning-Outcome- Based Instructional Evaluation Scale for Higher Education and Examining the Efficiency of Course Implementation via the Scale
The implementation of instructional evaluation is to guide teachers to improve/advance their teaching and thus enhance students’ learning. Instructional evaluation is considered a powerful tool for achieving instructional objectives. In Taiwan, learner-centered instruction and students’ learning outcome are the current focuses of higher education evaluation. However, almost all current instructional evaluation tools used in most universities have placed their focus mainly on teachers’ instructional input, and not so much on students’ learning outcome. This study developed a new instructional evaluation scale, which took into account both “teachers’ instructional input” and “students’ learning outcome”. The psychometric properties of the scale were also examined by collecting and analyzing the empirical data. The findings revealed that students tended to rate their teachers’ performance much higher than their self-reported learning outcome. Moreover, by adopting the data envelopment analysis (DEA) method, this study further examined the efficiency of course implementation based on two aspects: “teachers’ instructional input” and “students’ learning outcome”. The results showed that more than 70% of the courses achieved scale efficiency. However, more than 80% of the courses were found to be overall inefficient, and nearly 80% of the courses were technically inefficient. The findings suggested that there is still room for improvement in the current curriculum design, implementation and evaluation.
|關鍵詞||教學評鑑量表、資料包絡分析法、課程實施效率、學生學習成效、驗 證性因素分析、instructional evaluation scale、data envelopment analysis (DEA)、efficiency of course implementation、students’ learning outcome、confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)|