Characteristics and Practices of Highly Responsible Leadership: A Case Study of an Elementary School Principal
The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics and practices of highly responsible leadership as exemplified by an elementary school principal. A case study was conducted to collect and analyze data by conducting in-depth interviews with a highly responsible leader— an elementary school principal—and the teachers working under him at a school in Hualien County. The results of the study showed the principal who embodies highly-responsible leadership is recognized as having high emotional intelligence and high communicative and persuasive ability, which are the characteristics defining the quality of “relational intelligence”. Secondly, three practices for cultivating good relationships between stakeholders are identified, namely: regarding consensus-building as the leader’s responsibility; building good relationships through bolstering the school’s overall performance and understanding and responding to the needs of stakeholders properly; and hiring team members with effective communication skills. In addition, two practices regarding discursive decision-making process emerged, namely: creating a culture of straightforward communication, and insisting on including stakeholders in decision-making process built on the principle of rational communication. Finally, two practices are identified regarding an emphasis on sustainability. The first is ensuring decision implementation is a good fit for human nature, while the second is paying attention to the long-term impacts of decisions on consensus and harmonious relations between team members. Recommendations for school leadership practice and future research are discussed accordingly.
|關鍵詞||負責領導、校長領導、領導特質、關係智能、responsible leadership、principal leadership、leadership characteristics、relational intelligence|