A Study on the Merger and Abolition of Schools in Japan and Local Revitalization Policy
This essay aims to achieve two tasks, by conducting a literature review, 1. explore issues related to the merger and abolition of schools in Japan and local revitalization policy; 2. the connection between the merger and abolition of schools in Japan and local revitalization policy. The study concluded that in December 2014, the “Town, Inhabitant, Work and Total Revitalization Strategy” in the cabinet proposed the guidelines to basic policies regarding local affairs. Integrating local resources and talents, it aimed to create an energetic life model. Constructing local features of townships and cities, it revitalized villages and prefectures with energetic visions. The background was the approaching sub-replacement fertility and aging. It caused changes in the demographic structure of society and accelerated the collapse of village lifestyle due to the problem of high urbanization. At the same time, because of the low birth rate, the population kept decreasing. To cope with these issues, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan issued the documents related to mergers Handbook to the Optimal Sizing and Optimal Arrangement of Public Elementary School and Middle School in January 2015. It suggested to conduct merger and abolition of schools and implement a strategy of local revitalization. Basically speaking, the education system should be moved away from the idea of compulsory education system. It should emphasize on local community construction and local revitalization, with the planning of feature education in curriculum development. Departing from the bottleneck of curriculum in school education, it is suggested to focus on the thinking of local revitalization and solutions of holding talents in local communities.
|關鍵詞||文部科學省、少子化、學校統廢合、地方創生、學校活化、Ministry of Education CultureSports, Science and Technology、Declining birthrate、merger and abolition of school、local revitalization、school activation|