The Impact of University Ranking Applications on Higher Education: An Analysis of Academic Literature
Through qualitative content analysis of academic journal papers， conference proceedings， and research reports published between 1994 and 2014， this study identifies 10 types of impacts resulted from ranking applications in three categories. Negative impacts include challenges for university management， diminishment of original education objectives and values， and conflicts between teaching and research. Positive impacts include enhancement of higher education quality， improvement of public relations and improvement of ranking methodology. Controversial impacts exist in the distribution of higher education resources， admission and college choice， learning experience of students， and university performance in rankings.