Are Shanghai Students Ready to Face the Challenge of Building the City as a Global Innovation Center? An Comparative Analysis Based on PISA 2012 Data
Under the hypothesis of the close relevance between the digital competences of the teenagers in a city and its vision of becoming a global innovation center， the authors make a comparative study on IS-year-students' digital competences， based on PISA 2012 tests and investigates ， which Shanghai took part in as an individual city， between Shanghai and the economies which has been known as global innovation centers. Data comes from three resources- computer familiarity questionnaire， Digital Reading Test and Computer-based Mathematics Test and the related PISA publications. Some digital insufficiencies of Shanghai students are found， focusing on less ICT access both in and out of schools ， lower level of task-orientation web skills ， less computer-dependent learning tasks ， and less authentic learning designs in school courses. The potential risks and strategies about the digital gap are also discussed.
|關鍵詞||全球科创中心、上海学生、数字化素养、PISA、city as a global innovation center、Shanghai' students、digital competency、PISA|