Global Models and China's Choice for Professional Education: Analysis and Expansion of Fundamental Propositions on Higher Education
Is higher education a type of professional education? This is a basic theoretical issue in the field of higher education. There are three typical models of professional education in the world， including European model， American model and the Soviet Union model. The proposition that higher education is a type of specialty education based on secondary education was put forward under certain historical circumstances in China. Nowadays the traditional proposition is facing multiple challenges. Therefore， it is particularly necessary to redefine the theoretical proposition. In terms of external structure， China's“professional education”should no longer be limited to the narrow understanding of the Soviet model， but rather actively introduce the European model and American model based on the organizational system of professionalism. In terms of intrinsic properties， today's“professional education”should include the broad sense of vocational， academic and general properties. The changes of internal properties would lead to the adjustments of external structure， which is the theoretical basis for the“triangle model”of professional education. The review of the traditional proposition not only helps to re-examine the nature of higher education， but also ponder over the Chinese model of professional education in the future.
|高等教育、专业教育、通识教育、世界模式、中国模式、Higher Education、Professional Education、General Education、Global Model、Chinese Model