A First Step to Build the Academic Credit Bank: Recognition of Non-academic Certificate in Adult Higher Education
With the fast development of distance education, it becomes urgent to establish a comprehensive lifelong education system in China. Credit bank, which is based on academic credit to achieve mutual recognition of different types of education, is recognized as an effective model for lifelong education system. This study focuses on non-degree certificates issued by higher educational institutions, which is the initial attempt to build an Academic Credit Bank. First, the study conducted a survey to investigate the recognition of non-degree certificates at 29 universities in Shanghai. The results indicate that only some universities allow adult higher education credits (or courses) to be replaced by non-degree certificates, and the recognition process and procedures lacked the validity and reliability. From June 2009 to the end of August 2010, 15 pilot programs were selected, and the related certified expert panels as well as certification principles and procedures were formed. Second, the recognition table of non-degree certificates for the 15 pilot programs was finished, which involve nearly 200 types of certificates and 183 certificates recognized by the expert panels. We hope that the research results can contribute to the reform and development of adult higher education, to the reduction of the average social costs of education and learning, more learning choices for the learners, even the building of the comprehensive system of lifelong education.
|關鍵詞||成人高等教育、非学历证书、学分银行、终身教育、终身学习、adult higher education、non-degree certificate、academic credit bank、lifelong education、lifelong learning|