A Study on the Impact of the CPTPP on the Market Access of Higher Education Services and Its Implications for Talent Cultivation in Taiwan
Existing discussions on the CPTPP mainly focus on its impact on the development of local economy and industry, but rarely include the market access of higher education services into any analysis or consultation report. One of the government’s posts, the Education Chapter of “Joining the CPTPP Questions and Answers” even set the tone of“no impact” without giving any reference for data sources for its assessment of impact. Therefore, this study aims to further understand the impact of the CPTPP on the market access of higher education services and its implications for talent cultivation through the perspectives of scholars who should play an important advisory role in the negotiation and signing of trade agreements. In this study, interviews were used as the data collection strategy, and 17 scholars were interviewed. The major research findings include: 1. The market access of higher education services and its benefits for talent cultivation were positively affirmed, but the government’s attitude toward the issue was relatively conservative and not positive enough. 2. The CPTPP will not further lead to more market access of higher education services, but the flow of talents brought about by trade liberalization has its implications for talent cultivation in higher education. 3. The CPTPP does not threaten the sovereignty of member states in the governance of higher education since the development of higher education depends on the actions of the state rather than the trade agreement. 4. The government must take advantage of the impact and external pressure for joining CPTPP to strengthen the competitiveness of higher education services. 5. Regarding talent cultivation, even if Taiwan is unable to join the CPTPP, higher education institutions should take measures to support and respond to the needs of the industries for the regional economic integration. Based on the discussion of the research findings, conclusions are drawn, and recommendations to the government and higher education institutions are proposed accordingly.