The Experience Learning Activity of Junior High School Students: A Case Study of “Trai-yaru Week” in Japan-Hyogo Prefecture
近年來（自民國90 年起），台灣推動「九年一貫課程」新領域，以學生為主著重「實踐、體驗、省思」的綜合活動學習領域實施至今，學校教育實施與學生學習活動相關的「體驗學習活動」也越來越受重視。本研究藉由日本兵庫縣實施「Trai-yaru Week」活動（以下「TW」活動）的經驗成果，說明以國中生為對象實施的體驗學習活動之目的與意義為何。本文首先探討日本的體驗學習活動之類型與意涵，繼而剖析實證案例「TW」活動的導入背景與經過原委，以及活動概要與實施概況，接著掌握「TW」活動的實施現況進行體驗活動內容討論，分析探究「TW」活動的意義與其實施過程所衍生出來的課題，最後針對實施「TW」活動形成的社區支援網絡提出建議，有助於釐清學校與家庭、社區及行政等的支援體制關係者，彼此之間的實質互動與合作關係之現狀與課題。
In recent years, Taiwan has been promoted a new curriculum “Grade 1-9 Curriculum” which focuses on students' practice, experience and introspection. More and more schools have put a lot of emphasis on this curriculum of learning comprehensive activities since the promotion. The present study examined the results of the “Trai-yaru Week” activity that have been conducted by the government of Hyogo County in Japan. The main purpose of this study was to understand the goal and meaning of “Trai-yaru Week” and the reason why junior high school students are taken as the sample. After reviewing the background and process of the “Trai-yaru Week”, results are then presented. The result revealed that students gain more confidence in learning ability and diversify learning willingness after participating in the “Trai-yaru Week”. In addition, the community support network formed by the “Trai-yaru Week” help to clarify the issues and present problems between the interactions and cooperation among student's family, local community and governmental authority.
|關鍵詞||體驗學習活動、社區支援網絡、Trai-yaru Week、experience learning activity、community support network|