The Differences of Problem-Solving Ability and Performance between Junior and Senior High School Students in Technology Competition
This study was intended to explore the differences of problem-solving ability and performance between junior and senior high school students in technology competition. This study summarized the factors which impact students’ problem-solving ability and performance through the evaluation of students’ worksheets， models made and observations during competition.This study concluded that junior high school and senior high school students’ problem-solving ability， utilizing material ， modeling product and constructing product were significant different， but the diverse thinking were not. According to the analysis of students’ works， this study concluded that: (1) technical capability was an important factor to influence high-school students’ problem-solving ability and performance， (2) problem analysis ability was an important factor to influence high-school students’ problem-solving ability， and senior high school students were better than junior high school students， (3) high-school students tended to use analogical reasoning ability. According to the above conclusions， some suggestions were proposed for technology teachers.
|關鍵詞||科技競賽、問題解決能力、參賽表現、technology competition、problem-solving ability、performance|