Ce-Xue and Keju-Xue
The name "Ce-Xue", which means "the study of strategy" first appeared in the Sui Dynasty. It is an ancient word that appeared much earlier than "Keju-Xue", which means "the study of imperial examination". Accompanied with the history of imperial examination, "Ce-Xue" had been popular for about 1300 years, through Tang, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The ancient "Ce-Xue" was a specific study on how to prepare the examination on classical literature study, historiography and encyclopedic knowledge; it was a specific study on how to deal with the questions in the imperial examination. The development of "Ce-Xue" came into its prime time in Qing Dynasty. During the period, there was a wide range of "Ce-Xue" literatures with large circulation and the new ones brought forth through the old. Till the late of Qing Dynasty, there were still many "Ce-Xue" literatures on western study or natural science. So the literatures of "Ce-Xue" had its direct value for the study of the imperial examination system at that time, especially the study of the content in examination. Examination questions and the content for countermeasure indicate the focus of the society, the direction of politics and the changes of culture and costumes during that period. They were also special historical data for the study of academic and culture during that period. The increasingly fruitful studies on "Ce-Xue" would improve and promote the prosperity of study of imperial examination.
|關鍵詞||策学、科举、科举学、科举文献、Ce-Xue（study of strategy）、imperial examination、Keju-Xue（study of imperial examination）、literatures of imperial examination|