The Reserve Labor Force in Taiwan's School System: An Exploratory Study of Married Female Substitute Teachers
This study explores the significant role played by married female substitute teachers， who have become in effect a sort of “reserve army，” a reserve labor force in Taiwan’s school system. Compared with previous research， which has ignored the work conditions and experiences of these substitute teachers， this study was based on the belief that the patriar?chy constrains women’s career development: especially that of married women whose opportunities are interrupted and curtailed by marriage and child-care tasks. Focus?ing on the issues of job opportunities， human capital， and gender， the researchers compare the part-time short-term substitute teachers’ work experiences with those of long-term substi?tute teachers. It is concluded that more attention needs to be given to the status of substitute teachers and the general trend toward the feminization of school teaching in Taiwan.
|關鍵詞||勞動後備軍、代課教師、性別、Reserve labor force、Substitute teachers、Gender|