On Senior High School Merger Strategies: With Special Reference to Central Taiwan
As the trend of declining childbirth rate has become a major issue in the twentyfirst century in many countries such as Japan， Taiwan， Russia， Poland， Czech， and Slovakia， the phenomenon not only affects changes in the population structure but also causes a re-distribution of social resources， which inevitably has a significant impact on the current social resource distribution mechanism. Take educational system as an example， when student population declines， school authorities must take necessary measures accordingly by cutting down class number， merging schools， or even closing down certain schools. In view of current social impacts on the educational systems in Taiwan， this study aims to explore the merger strategies of senior high schools as one of the possible solutions. We interviewed some related experts who had recent experiences in school mergers， and constructed a self-administered questionnaire that was distributed to selected senior and vocational high school faculty and staff members in five cities and counties in central Taiwan in order to poll their perspectives on the school merger issues. In this study， 828 copies of the questionnaire were distributed， of which 601 were usable. After data analysis， the study found that most participants held a positive view about the school merger as a solution， but the guiding principles should consider factors such as equal educational right of students， synergy of school merger， and comprehensive manpower reorganization plan after school merger. Furthermore， the merger should be implemented in stages. Before the merger， a comprehensive merger plan should be published. During the merger， a merger action committee should be formed to coordinate merger activities and clearly state the progress in order to minimize the resistance to change， and to ensure that workers’ rights are protected. And after the merger， the merger project should be assessed and timely governmental aids should be provided to help the newly-merged school to function properly and to maximize the synergy of the merger. With this study， we have drawn four conclusions and made some suggestions for further studies.
|關鍵詞||整併策略、學校效能、少子化、組織變革、高級中等學校、senior high school、school merger strategy、school effectiveness、organizational change、declining birth rate|