The Implementation of Mixed Age Education in Rural Schools: A Perspective of Social Justice
Within the limited funding, maintaining rural schools’ operation, protecting the students’ right to education, and promoting school reform have become the advanced countries’ education policy. The public usually considers that rural schools are not comparable to urban schools in terms of developed curriculum, shortage of teachers and funding, insufficiency of infrastructure, and the gap of student’s learning outcome. If the situation mentioned above happens on a case-by-case basis, the reason is likely to be the school itself. In this case, the expert can be sent to evaluate the situation and tackle the problem. However, if the situation is commonplace, both schools and the government should take responsibility. The policy should improve the adverse learning environment and the learning outcome in rural schools, corresponding to the publicity in education as well as implying the concept and exertion of social justice. Through the awareness of the rights of faculty, students, and school from a micro perspective, social justice can be specifically applied to schools in rural areas. On the other hand, it is necessary to analyze the entire aspects of society from a macro perspective as well. Whether the value of social justice can be realized can be judged from the treatment made by the policy to the rural school. Nonetheless, there are different points of view of interpreting the theory of justice. Regarding the assertion made by the theory of justice, the distribution-oriented theory of justice proposed by John Rawls lacks systematic explanation to maintain the value of rural schools’ existence. The purpose of this study is to illustrate the insufficiency of Rawls’ theory of justice as well as proposing Young’s multiplicity point of the theory of justice. In addition to Rawls’ distribution theory, the justice of recognition and the justice of connection are required.
|關鍵詞||社會正義、混齡教育、鄉村小校、實驗教育、mixed age education、social justice、rural schools、experimental education|