Revival and Silence: Revisiting the “New World Drama Movement” in the 1950s
The “New World Drama Movement” (February 1956~June 1957), held in 1956, was the first large-scale theater movement implemented by the National Government after its relocation to Taiwan. While the government arranged the New World Theatre as the fixed performance venue, 15 Chinese dramas were performed in succession. Although the New World Drama Movement lasted only a year or so, the Chinese drama market in the 1950s was revitalized briefly. However, unfortunately, the wave set off by the New World Drama Movement was dissolved. As an officially supported drama movement, the New World Drama Movement has not received due attention and research. Therefore, the causes and consequences of the rise and fall of the New World Drama Movement, the actions and attitudes of official organizations, and the actual performances and drama reviews are reviewed in the expectation of presenting a brand-new understanding of the 1950s. In this paper, the preconceived historical evaluations are avoided. Instead, the historical course was faithfully described, while the historical causes and effects are carefully investigated. Then, an understanding of its era is presented from a macro perspective, and a three-dimensional, plural historical perspective is proposed. The substantive effects and repercussions of the “New World Drama Movement” are examined to break the stereotypes of contemporary drama scholars about the drama history of Taiwan in the 1950s, communicate with and amend the unduly stereotyped and simplified historical writings, which let us understand the development of drama in this period from a wider perspective.
|從博伊斯到毛澤東 ——約爾格·伊門多夫（Jörg Immendorff）早期實踐中的「批評和自我批評」|