The Collaboration and Shared Governance Model of Professionals Who Work on Domestic Violence Cases Involving Child and Youth Protection
本研究主要目的在探討專業工作者於涉及兒少保護家暴案件中進行合作的機制內涵以及影響合作的因 素。本研究共邀請21位在政府部門與社區機構執行兒少保護與家庭暴力防治業務，有3年以上工作經驗 的專業工作者參與研究。研究者透過個別訪談蒐集資料，並採用紮根理論分析法的開放編碼、主軸編碼 與核心編碼等步驟進行資料分析。研究結果發現影響專業工作者進行合作的核心因素是專業工作者的動 能，包括：採取行動的自主性與彈性、對問題的知覺、以及發展信任。採取行動的自主性與彈性，包 括：對各個專業權責的瞭解、法律倫理規範與實務現況間的彈性、以及個案複雜度與案量管控。對問題 的知覺，包括：訓練背景與專業知識、實務經驗、個人價值觀與個人風格、以及多元文化視框。發展信 任，包括：肯定多元的貢獻、透明度與清楚明白的溝通、以及支持與相互性。研究參與者認為可行的合 作機制，是由社政單位統籌召開以案家為核心的網絡會議，服務個案與案家的所有專業工作者都必須參 與會議，在會議中落實專業角色任務，以達展開有效的對話、資訊分享、資源連結與形成處遇共識等功 能，而此會議在開案前、執行期與結案時都需召開以兼具及時性與延續性。依據研究結果與討論，研究 者提出持續檢視與覺察身為專業工作者的動能、出席並落實網絡會議的實質意義與價值、以及裝備走出 舒適圈的勇氣等建議。
The research showed that domestic violence experience has negative impact on individuals, including immediate impact (emotional and behavioral disturbance) and long-term impact (depression, low self-esteem, poor academic achievement, PTSD, and substance abuse). As domestic violence episodes are associated with child and youth protection issues, the complexity of the intervention process will be increased. The nature of domestic violence is multicultural, and many of the services and interventions provided are not entirely suitable for clients or relevant to their day-to-day life experiences. For example, the collaboration between child protection and domestic violence sectors is often problematic. Indeed, the two sectors operate relatively independently and with little integration. However, it is widely recognized that the two sectors need to work more closely together to enhance both adult victims’ and children’s safety. Since no single agency or professional is able to deal with all the needs of a family alone, the premise of this article is focused on the collaboration and shared governance of professionals to offer comprehensive interventions in order to enhance the likelihood to satisfy the needs of clients and families. The collaboration and shared governance is defined as multiple professional workers from different backgrounds working in cohesion with clients, families, and communities to deliver the highest quality of service. Research and documents have shown that multiple professional collaboration models are not just effective but are also essential for competent, cost-effective, culturally responsive mental health care. The highest quality of service means that multiple professional workers provide coordinated, appropriate, consistent responses aimed at enhancing victim’s safety, reducing secondary victimization, and holding abusers to be accountable for their violence.
This study aimed at exploring the factors that influence multiple professional workers dealing with the domestic violence involved with child protection and the collaboration and shared governance model. The researcher recruited and invited 21 professionals with over three years of working experience and whose specialty was focused on domestic violence interventions and preventions in government or community agencies. Individual interviews were conducted to gather data, and the data was then analyzed based on the grounded theory and processed by the sequential extractions of open coding, axial coding, and core coding. During the analysis, the core theme was identified as energy of professionals which included three categories: autonomy and flexibility to act, perspectives on problems, and trust development. Autonomy and flexibility to act included understanding the role of each professional, the flexibility between rules/ethics and practice, and the case complexity and caseload. The perspectives on problem included training and professional background, practice experience, personal value and style, and multicultural viewpoint. Trust development included appreciating diverse contributions, transparency and clear communication, and mutual support.
Participants reported that the professionals of social welfare in the government should be the one to organize network meetings based on families’ needs. All of the professionals who provide services to the family should attend network meetings and perform the necessary tasks for their role. The functions of the network meetings should include facilitating healthy conversations, sharing information, connecting resources, and reaching an intervention agreement. When a suspected case is reported and evaluated on whether it should be open, the network meeting should be held immediately. Network meetings may also be held during the period of intervention or during the moment that the case is evaluated to be closed. The meeting should be held immediately and continuously. The results raised several important implications for training and clinical work. The recommendations from the study include continuing to inspect and be aware of their own energy level as professionals , participating in the network meeting and implementing its true value and meaning, and instilling courage for professionals to walk out of their comfort zone. These recommendations are essential for domestic violence and child protection professionals to collaborate with each other in the future.
|關鍵詞||多元專業、合作共治、兒少保護家庭暴力、Collaboration and shared governance、domestic violence involving child and youth protection、multiple professional|