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篇名
學習情境中的個人成就目標與作弊接受度之關係:以學業自我效能為調節變項
並列篇名
Personal Achievement Goals and the Acceptability of Cheating in an Academic Context: The Moderating Role of Academic Self-Efficacy
作者 彭淑玲黃博聖陳學志
中文摘要
本研究從動機觀點切入,採用個人成就目標與學業自我效能理論瞭解動機變項及兩種作弊接受度(學業作弊、被動作弊)之關係。據此,本研究目的為:一、瞭解國中生對兩種作弊行為的接受程度現況;二、探討個人成就目標與兩種作弊接受度之關係;三、考驗學業自我效能在上述關係中的調節效果。為達成上述目的,本研究抽取938 位七至九年級國中生進行施測,並以數學科為領域,蒐集資料以結構方程模式進行分析。研究結果發現:一、男生對兩種作弊行為的接受度均略高於女生;八、九年級學生對兩種作弊行為的接受度略大於七年級學生;二、個人成就目標能預測兩種作弊接受度,其中趨向精熟目標能降低學生對兩種作弊行為的接受度,逃避表現目標則與上述結果相反,而趨向表現目標僅能正向預測被動作弊接受度;三、學業自我效能會調節個人成就目標與作弊接受度之關係:當學習者知覺有高學業自我效能時,逃避表現目標無法預測兩種作弊接受度;當學習者知覺為低學業自我效能時,會提升逃避表現目標對兩種作弊接受度的正向預測力。本研究依據研究結果提出建議,以作為國中教學輔導與未來研究之參考。
英文摘要
This study was conducted on the basis of motivation theories and adopted theoretical concepts from achievement goal theory and self-efficacy to explore the motivational variables related to the acceptability of two types of cheating behaviors, namely academic cheating and passive cheating, among Taiwanese junior high school students in the subject of mathematics. The aims of the study were threefold: first, to understand the degree of acceptability of the two types of cheating behaviors among Taiwanese students; second, to investigate the relationships between personal achievement goals and the acceptability of the two types of cheating; and third, to test whether these relationships are moderated by academic self-efficacy. Nine hundred thirty-eight seventh-to-ninth-grade Taiwanese students (473 boys; 23 missing values) participated in the survey, and the researchers applied the technique of structural equation modeling for data analysis. The results indicated that boys were slightly more accepting of the two types of cheating behaviors than girls, and eighth- and ninth-grade students, regardless of gender, were more accepting of both cheating behaviors than seventh-grade students. Moreover, it was found that personal achievement goals can effectively predict the two types of cheating behaviors, which can be negatively predicted by mastery-approach goals and positively predicted by performance-avoidance goals. In particular, performance-approach goals only positively predicted individuals’ acceptance of passive cheating. Finally, it was revealed that academic self-efficacy moderates the relationship between personal achievement goals and individuals’ acceptance of cheating behaviors. Specifically, a high level of academic self-efficacy perceived by individuals was associated with a decrease in the negative predictive power of students’ adoption of performance-avoidance goals with respect to the acceptability of both cheating behaviors. A low level of academic self-efficacy perceived by individuals was associated with an increase in the negative predictive power of students’ adoption of performance-avoidance goals with respect to the acceptability of both cheating behaviors. Based on the findings, relevant recommendations are proposed as a reference for further research, teaching practices, and junior high school counseling.
起訖頁 087-113
關鍵詞 作弊接受度個人成就目標學業自我效能academic self-efficacyacceptability of academic cheatingpersonal achievement goals
刊名 教育科學研究期刊  
期數 201912 (64:4期)
出版單位 國立臺灣師範大學
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網路品德教育行為準則建置之研究
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國中生內、外在學業希望信念之建構及其相關因素之探討

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