高等教育出版
熱門: 吳清山  林俊瑩  黃乃熒  丘愛鈴  吳勁甫  文化領導  
高等教育出版
首頁 臺灣期刊   學校系所   學協會   民間出版   大陸/海外期刊   政府機關   學校系所   學協會   民間出版   DOI註冊服務
閱讀全文  購買本期
篇名
大學生的捐血知識、捐血態度與捐血行為之探討:以臺北地區某大學為例   免費試閱
並列篇名
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation Among Students in a University in Taipei
作者 廖麗如張晏蓉
中文摘要
本研究目標為探討大學生的捐血知識、態度與捐血行為之間的相關性。根據醫療財團法人台灣血液基金會的數據統計,捐血人次及國民捐血率在近六年逐步下降,且年輕捐血族群同樣也日漸減少,因此,如何維持穩定的血液供給成為臺灣醫療的重要議題。本研究以自編問卷進行調查,為橫斷性研究,研究族群為臺北地區某大專院校20歲以上的大學生,採便利性取樣,有效樣本數為372人。以SPSS進行描述性與推論性統計。研究結果如下:一、研究對象在過去一年內有捐血行為的有12.6%;二、研究對象在捐血知識量表的答對率為62.2%,女性答對率 (63.8%) 較男性答對率 (58.9%) 高;三、捐血態度總平均得分為3.78分(單一題項分數為1~5分);四、捐血知識量表答對率愈高,愈容易出現捐血行為 (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.01-1.06),而捐血態度量表的分數愈高(愈傾向正向態度),愈容易出現捐血行為 (OR = 7.62,95% CI = 3.16-18.36)。本研究建議於大專院校校園內採用的捐血推廣方式如下:一、透過講座及課程來增加捐血知識教育;二、擺放相關海報或播放捐血影片,減少年輕人捐血時的疑慮,減少負向態度;三、舉辦捐血營隊、捐血志工團隊,加強年輕人捐血助人的態度。
英文摘要
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between knowledge, attitudes, and practice of blood donation among undergraduate students. The statistics of the Taiwan Blood Services Foundation, the blood donation rate and national blood donation rate had gradually decreased in the past six years, and the young blood donor group had also been decreasing. Therefore, how to maintain a stable blood supply has become an important issue in Taiwan’s medical care. Research methods were investigated by self-administered questionnaire. It’s a convenient sampling study. The subjects of this cross-sectional study were undergraduate students over 20-year-old in a school in Taipei. The self-administered questionnaire was given to 372 participants. Using SPSS performed descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Among study participants, 12.6% had ever donated blood during the past year. 2. Overall, the rate of correctly answering to the questionnaire of knowledge on blood donation was 62.2%. Female participants had a higher score on knowledge questionnaire (63.8%) than male participants (58.9%). 3. Participants had a positive attitude toward blood donation (the average score was 3.78 points out of 5.0 points). 4. Participants who reported a higher score on blood donation knowledge questionnaire were more likely to donate blood in the past year (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.01-1.06). And participants who reported a higher score on the blood donation attitude questionnaire (with more positive attitude) were more likely to donate blood in the past year (OR = 7.62, 95% CI = 3.16-18.36). It is recommended to promote blood donation among students in university: 1. Through lectures and education to increase students’ blood donation knowledge. 2. Place relevant posters or blood donation videos to reduce their negative attitudes and doubts during blood donation. 3. Organize blood donation camps and volunteer teams, to strengthen the attitude of donating blood to help others.
起訖頁 043-068
關鍵詞 大學生捐血行為捐血知識捐血態度undergraduate studentsblood donationblood donation knowledgeblood donation attitude
刊名 健康促進與衛生教育學報  
期數 201812 (50期)
出版單位 國立臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系
DOI 10.3966/207010632018120050002  複製DOI
QR Code
該期刊
上一篇
臺北市健康城市新指標之建構研究
該期刊
下一篇
急診室醫療人員的職業健康與危險因子

高等教育知識庫  閱讀計畫  教育研究月刊  新書優惠  

教師服務
合作出版
期刊徵稿
聯絡高教
高教FB
讀者服務
圖書目錄
教育期刊
訂購服務
活動訊息
數位服務
高等教育知識庫
國際資料庫收錄
投審稿系統
DOI註冊
線上購買
高點網路書店 
元照網路書店
博客來網路書店
教育資源
教育網站
國際教育網站
關於高教
高教簡介
出版授權
合作單位
知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達 知識達
版權所有‧轉載必究 Copyright2011 高等教育文化事業有限公司  All Rights Reserved
服務信箱:edubook@edubook.com.tw 台北市館前路 26 號 6 樓 Tel:+886-2-23885899 Fax:+886-2-23892500