Stone Carving Materials and Literal Materials of Taoism in the Early Jurchen Dynasty
Three potential views can be presented concerning how the Jurchen Dynasty inherited Taoism before the Northern Song Dynasty. The first view proposes that the intellectuals of the Northern Song Dynasty served the Jurchen Dynasty; this view assumes that the Jurchen Dynasty took these intellectuals from the Northern Song Dynasty. Under this view, the Jurchen Dynasty is believed to have accepted the Taoist tradition through the intellectuals of the Northern Song Dynasty. The second view contends that the Jurchen Dynasty frequently plundered the Northern Song Dynasty literature and learned about and came to accept the Taoist traditions of the Northern Song Dynasty through this body of literature. The third view argues that regardless of fluctuations in the dynastic regime, Taoist activities were followed in each region of the Jurchen Dynasty. This view contends that the Taoist temples that were destroyed because of social turmoil were restored through the power of the people in the area. According to this view, Taoist temples were the base of religious activities in the area; this can be inferred from the existence of many stone carving materials that entitled with “Reconstruction of.” According to the aforementioned views, in this paper I will introduce and examine some of the materials that can help to depict the real circumstances of early Taoism in the Jurchen Dynasty before 1163, which was the year in which Master Wang Zhongyang of the Quanzhen School began to conduct full-fledged missionary activities.
|關鍵詞||石刻資料、金朝、傳世資料、道家道教、stone carving materials、Jurchen Dynasty、literal materials、Taoism|