Effectiveness of Experiential and Reflective Learning on Teacher Training Courses for Teaching Elementary Chinese Phonology and Speech
“Chinese phonology and speech” is a compulsory course of basic teaching disciplines for all preservice elementary teachers. The course content includes theory of Chinese phonology and speaking practice. The researchers found that teachers at the teaching site tend to value more on theory than practice and few studies have focused on exploring the course and relevant teaching practice. To facilitate integration of theory and practice of Chinese phonology and speech, this study blended experiential learning into the training course by adopting a course design that incorporated experience and reflection in the implementation of Chinese phonology and speech training course while exploring the participating preservice teachers’ development of professional competencies. This study adopted an action research design and recruited 43 preservice elementary teachers who attended the Chinese phonology and speech course in a university in northern Taiwan. The participants’ learning profiles, including assignments, feedback sheets, work reports, and questionnaire responses, were analyzed. The results revealed the following: (a) Establishing a Chinese phonology and speech teaching model based on experience and reflection, including watching films, in-class discussion, experiential learning, and assignments helps the participants foster, use, and reflect on their professional competencies. (b) Both qualitative and quantitative data showed that the preservice teachers developed increasing professional competencies after completing the training course for teaching Chinese phonology and speech. Therefore, the proposed teaching model can be employed to promote the creation of innovative teaching models for Chinese phonology and speech, thereby improving the teaching and learning effectiveness of practice courses for teacher training.
|關鍵詞||行動研究、師培課程、國音及說話、課程設計、體驗學習、action research、teacher education、Chinese phonology and speech、curriculum design、experiential learning|