Distribution of the Number of Indigenous Students in the Different Disciplines in Colleges and Universities in Taiwan: Between Academic Year 2007 to 2016
With the passage of the Education Act for Indigenous Peoples in 1988 in Taiwan and the growing interest in multicultural education around the world, indigenous education has been receiving increasing attention and concern. However, most of the studies examining indigenous education only focus on junior high schools and elementary schools. Much of this research tends to concern the lack of educational opportunities open to indigenous populations. Little research exists about the distribution of indigenous students in higher education or relating to the factors which influence indigenous students to choose the disciplines. This study analyzed statistical data collected by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan which recorded the number of indigenous students attending colleges and universities from 2007 to 2016, and observed the changes in the distribution of the number of indigenous students in various academic disciplines over a 10 year span. This study found the number of indigenous students attending colleges and universities kept increasing; both indigenous students and general students chose to focus their studies on the same kinds of popular academic disciplines. The disciplines most frequently chosen by indigenous students included social services, personal services, health and teacher training and education science; while natural sciences, mathematics and statistics, life science and engineering and the engineering trades were the least likely to be selected. The results show the distribution of indigenous students in higher education is uneven in various academic fields, especially in mathematics and science. At present the government of Taiwan implements affirmative action of indigenous education and provides economic subsidies to promote the admission rate of indigenous students into higher education. This study suggests that in addition to these overall policies more attention should be paid to improving the distribution of indigenous students across the disciplines, and to support the development of indigenous professionals in different fields.
|關鍵詞||科學教育、原住民科學教育、原住民族高等教育、高等教育、science education、indigenous science education、indigenous higher education、higher education|