A Study on the Learning Effect of Virtual Reality for a Self-Protection Program on Sexual Harassment in Autistic Teens
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a virtual reality program on self-protection from sexual harassment in the high school students with autism. With the strengths of the autistic person, using the virtual reality with visual and auditory three-dimensional simulation space, the autistic teens could achieve the immersive learning effect with the most realistic experience. A multiple baseline across subjects of single-subject experimental design was used in this study. Three adolescent students with autism from a special school were selected as subjects, who received the three-step virtual reality teaching of the self-protection program on sexual harassment. The “Sexual Harassment Response Scale” was developed with validity and reliability to measure the learning effects during baseline, intervening, and sustaining stages. The visual analysis, inter-observer agreement, and procedure fidelity were used to analyze the outcomes of intervention, while social validity was implemented to understand whether or not such intervention improves self-protection from sexual harassment responses. The results revealed the effect of this self- protection program regarding 1. to say “no” / push away, 2. to dodge / escape from the scene, and 3. to report to the teacher. The subjects’ performances did have immediate and sustaining effects. The author suggests that such intervention should be based on application of virtual reality teaching strategy for the middle school students with autism to achieve better effects on the self-protection and prevention from sexual harassment.
|關鍵詞||自閉症者、性騷擾防治課程、虛擬實境、國╱高中生、autism、self-protection program on sexual harassment、virtual reality (VR)、junior / senior high school student|