Limitations of the Policy of Nursing and Childcare Subsidy in Taiwan
With the changing times and environments, occupations, incomes, and the identity of the subjects in nursing and childcare subsidy in Taiwan might not refer to the characteristics of socially vulnerable groups; however, they are continuously benefited from higher subsidies. While studies might roughly examine and approve nursing and childcare subsidies, they underestimate these groups’ potential for self-enhancement, which cannot promote educational fairness and social justice. In addition, those who are not qualified as socially vulnerable groups, but receive nursing and childcare subsidies, are questioned and criticized by other people. In addition, people might overly depend on the policies of nursing and childcare subsidy. The previous statements illustrate the possible limitations of the policy of nursing and childcare subsidy. While it is an extremely important issue, related research is lacking. Thus, by qualitative interviews, this research collects data from scholars, experts, parents, and teachers, and generalizes the empirical data according to multiple perspectives and positions, to result in identifying the possible problems of the policy of nursing and childcare subsidy. According to the research findings, the implementation of the policies of nursing and childcare subsidy positively influences children’s learning development; however, those who have benefited might overly depend on such welfare. In addition, regarding the design of the policies of nursing and childcare subsidy, the effect of political manipulation and the finances of local government reveal different dimensions, which might reinforce educational injustice. Finally, since preschool teachers in Taiwan possess high degrees of professional knowledge and competence, they are cautious about the confidentiality of personal information, such as their benefits and subsidy amounts. Moreover, in Taiwanese society, there are no significant classes or atmospheres of discrimination; hence, the phenomenon in which the benefited are degraded or criticized is insignificant. Finally, this study further puts forward some suggestions on the implementation, adjustment and control of the nursing and childcare subsidy policies.
|關鍵詞||托教補助政策、社會正義、教育公平、福利依賴、policy of nursing and childcare subsidy、social justice、educational fairness、welfare dependency|