Rediscovering the Lost Atlantis: A Study of the Genealogy of the Term Magical Realism in Late German Romantic Literature Through The Golden Pot
The concept of magical realism originated in the art and literature of Germany and Italy and later became a literary trend throughout Europe and the Americas. The unique historical and cultural background of Latin America allowed the further elaboration of the distinct style and content of magical realism. The German art critic Franz Roh used the concept of magical realism as early as the 1920s. During the 1930s and 1940s, magical realist writings were published in German literature. In broad terms, the style of magical realism dates back to the pioneering early-19th-century literary creations of Emst T. A. Hoffmann who epitomized late German romanticism. Hoffmann inherited a romantic literary tradition rooted in Christian culture and was concerned with the creation of new mythologies. Simultaneously, he veered away from the complexities of the inner self and detached fantasies from reality, which was sought by early romantic writers. He proposed to allow imagination and magic to enter boldly into real life. In the magical realism genre, The Golden Pot (Der goldne Topf ) is considered the most classical representation of late German romanticism, with a style marked by the intertwining and overlapping of the imaginary and realistic. This research study describes the development and unique characteristics of magical realism in art history and German literature. Furthermore, the literary style, structure, and background of Hoffmann’s distinguishing work, The Golden Pot, are analyzed to determine his creative motivation. The status of The Golden Pot in German literature and its aesthetic value are discussed, and its subsequent influence on magical realist literature is reviewed. The influence of The Golden Pot on foreign literature is also investigated.
|關鍵詞||奇幻文學、美學觀、浪漫主義、霍夫曼、魔幻寫實、fantasy literature、aesthetic view、romanticism、E. T. A. Hoffmann、magical realism|